Before British visited here, this town was known as, Kaludanda, meaning ‘Black Hill’ in local language. The town of Lansdowne came into prominence in the year 1887 when it was named after then Viceroy of British Indian state. By the year 1901 the population of this town reached 3943 and henceforth started the journey of Lansdowne gaining importance. Soon British developed this town as a base for new recruit training centre.
Pre independence Lansdowne also played significant role, contributing towards the freedom struggle of India. Even today Lansdowne remains the headquarters for ‘Garhwal Rifles’, light infantry arm of the Indian Army.Though there are lot of lansdowne hotels in lansdowne yet can say lansdowne resort is the most beatiful resort in lansdowne.